Dictionary, Basics and Medical Terms

What Do These Letters Stand For In Blood Tests

The meaning of abbreviations in blood test results and what do letters and medical terms stand for in a blood test report? List of all abbreviations and short-codes of medical labs.

The list of common blood tests and their abbreviations, use search function in your browser.

  • Chem 7: Also known as a blood chemistry, or a chemistry panel, this test looks at the levels of essential enzymes in the blood and also checks kidney function. 
  • CMP and BMP test: The CMP is an expanded version of the basic metabolic panel (BMP), which does not include liver tests. A CMP (or BMP) can be ordered as part of a routine physical examination, or may be used to monitor a patient with a chronic disease, such as diabetes mellitus or hypertension.
  • CBC stands for complete blood count, A commonly used abbreviation in medicine that stands for complete blood count, a set values of the cellular (formed elements) of blood. These measurements are generally determined by specially designed machines that analyze the different components of blood in less than a minute.
  • TSH, T3, T4, and T3RU tests: Thyroid function tests are a series of blood tests used to measure how well your thyroid gland is working. Available tests include the T3, T3RU, T4, and TSH. The thyroid is a small gland located in the lower-front part of your neck. … The thyroid produces two major hormones: triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4).
  • Woman tests, FSH, LH, E2, PRL tests:The Total Estrogen test measures the total amounts of the estrogen in the blood. … The Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) test measures levels of follicle stimulating hormone, a hormone released by the pituitary gland that helps control the menstrual cycle and the production of eggs in women
  • PRL test: A prolactin (PRL) test measures how much of a hormone called prolactin you have in your blood. The hormone is made in your pituitary gland, which is located just below your brain. When women are pregnant or have just given birth, their prolactin levels increase so they can make breast milk.
  • LH test: Luteinizing hormone (LH) is a hormone associated with reproduction and the stimulation of the release of an egg from the ovary (ovulation) in women and testosterone production in men. This test measures the amount of luteinizing hormone in the blood or urine., It also changes with pregnancy. If a doctor orders a test for LH related to fertility, a woman may need multiple tests to track the rising and falling hormone levels. LH levels can also be measured by analyzing a urine sample. If you’re a man, your doctor can order an LH test to establish a baseline LH level.
  • PT test, Prothrombin time (PT) is a blood test that measures how long it takes blood to clot. A prothrombin time test can be used to check for bleeding problems. PT is also used to check whether medicine to prevent blood clots is working. A PT test may also be called an INR test
  • PTT, it is for The partial thromboplastin time (PTT) or activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT or APTT), it is a medical test that characterizes blood coagulation, also known as clotting.
  • INR. stands for the international normalized ratio (INR), it is calculated from a PT result and is used to monitor how well the blood-thinning medication (anticoagulant) warfarin (Coumadin®) is working to prevent blood.
  • Liver Enzymes, they’re Inflamed or injured liver cells leak higher than normal amounts of certain chemicals, including liver enzymes, into the bloodstream, which can result in elevated liver enzymes on blood tests.
  • The specific elevated liver enzymes most commonly found are: Alanine transaminase (ALT) Aspartate transaminase (AST)
  • ABG test; A medical test for measuring Arterial Blood Gas oxygen and carbon dioxide.
  • ABO Typing: ABO Typing is the medical term for determining the patient’s blood type
  • S.Cr., A Serum Creatinine blood test measures the level of creatinine in the blood. Creatinine is a waste product that forms when creatine, which is found in your muscle, breaks down. Creatinine levels in the blood can provide your doctor with information about how well your kidneys are working.
  • Bl.Urea or BUN, Blood Urea Nitrogen: the blood urea nitrogen ( BUN ) test reveals important information about how well your kidneys and liver are working. A BUN test measures the amount of urea nitrogen that’s in your blood. The urea travels from your liver to your kidneys through your bloodstream.
  • S.U.A. test: A uric acid blood test, also known as a serum uric acid measurement, determines how much uric acid is present in your blood. The test can help determine how well your body produces and removes uric acid. Uric acid is a chemical produced when your body breaks down foods that contain organic compounds called purines.
  • S.Na test, A sodium test checks how much sodium is in the blood. Sodium is both an electrolyte and mineral. It helps keep the water (the amount of fluid inside and outside the body’s cells) and electrolyte balance of the body.
  • S.K test, A potassium blood test is often included in a series of routine blood tests called an electrolyte panel. The test may also be used to monitor or diagnose conditions related to abnormal potassium levels. These conditions include kidney disease, high blood pressure, and heart disease.
  • S.P. Test, Phosphorus is a mineral the body needs to build strong bones and teeth. It is also important for nerve signaling and muscle contraction. This test is ordered to see how much phosphorus is in your blood. Kidney, liver, and certain bone diseases can cause abnormal phosphorus levels.
  • S.Mg test: A magnesium test is used to measure the amount of magnesium in your blood. … A magnesium test may be recommended as part of a series of tests if you have symptoms such as nausea, weakness or cardiac arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat). You may have abnormal levels of magnesium, calcium or potassium in your blood.
  • S.Aldo test, Aldosterone levels tell the kidneys when to hold sodium in the body instead of passing it in the urine.
  • ACR and GFR tests: Your kidney numbers include 2 tests: ACR (Albumin to Creatinine Ratio) and GFR (glomerular filtration rate). GFR is a measure of kidney function and is performed through a blood test. … Too much albumin in your urine is an early sign of kidney damage. Urine Test called ACR.
  • CK or CPK test: Creatine Kinase (also known as CK, or Creatine Phosphokinase [CPK]) is an important diagnostic blood test for myopathies. … When muscle tissue is damaged, the cells release their contents into the bloodstream, causing elevated CK levels in the blood.
  • ESR, CRP, PV tests; Inflammation and blood proteins. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP) and plasma viscosity (PV) blood tests are commonly used to detect increase in protein in the blood. In this way they are used as markers of inflammation.
  • H.Pylori, Tests and procedures used to determine whether you have a n H. pylori infection include: Blood test. Analysis of a blood sample may reveal evidence of an active or previous H. pylori infection in your body. However, breath and stool tests are better at detecting active H. pylori infections than is a blood test.

Common tumor markers include:

  • CEA, A carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) test is a blood test used to help diagnose and manage certain types of cancers. The CEA test is used especially for cancers of the large intestine and rectum. You doctor can also use the test results to help determine if a cancer treatment is working.
  • CA15-3 is a tumor marker for breast cancer.
  • CA19-9 antigen has been shown to be elevated in the blood of some patients with gastrointestinal tumors.
  • CA-125 is a marker for monitoring disease progression in ovarian cancers.
  • PSA test, FPFA test: PSA is a protein produced by the prostate gland. Although most PSA is carried out of the body in semen, a very small amount escapes into the blood stream. A free PSA test only measures the amount of PSA that is floating freely in the bloodstream, without being bound to a different protein. Both tests are used to diagnose prostate issues. A person may have an increased risk of prostate cancer when they have higher levels of total PSA and lower levels of free PSA

The list is continuously updated, just keep the page in your bookmarks.

CMP Blood Test Vs BMP Blood Test Explained

What is CMP Blood Test?
CMP letters stands for: Comprehensive Metabolic Panel (CMP)
and mean: A collection of laboratory tests to show how well is your body metabolism generally.
Medical lab terms: CMP Chem 12 Chemistry Panel Chemistry Screen SMA 12 SMA 20
What is BMP Blood Test?
BMP letters stands for: The basic metabolic panel (BMP)
which mean: A package of laboratory test to help doctor know the current status of a person’s metabolism,
Laboratory short forms:  BMP Chemistry Panel Chemistry Screen Chem 7 SMA 7 SMAC7 electrolyte panel
What type of tests included in C M P test Panel?
14 measurements include:

  1. Albumin blood test level: measures how well your liver is making the proteins that your body needs.
  2. Alanine aminotransferase (ALT) level ALT is a liver enzyme specific for liver cells disorders.
  3. Alkaline Phosphatase blood test: for highly damaged liver cells..
  4. Aspartate aminotransferase (AST) blood test: aid with ALT test to diagnose liver diseases.
  5. Blood urea nitrogen (BUN) blood test: As kidney function decreases, the BUN level rises.
  6. Calcium blood and urine tests: for kidney stones and well excretion of excess calcium.
  7. Carbon dioxide (Bicarbonate) – Your kidneys and lungs balance the levels of carbon dioxide, bicarbonate, and carbonic acid in the blood. Carbon dioxide levels can be used to help diagnose kidney disease.
  8. Chloride test: it is an electrolyte, high chloride indicate kidney disease.
  9. Creatinine blood test: measure of how well the kidneys are removing wastes and excess fluid from the blood.
  10. Glucose blood levels: Renal glycosuria occurs when the renal tubules fail to reabsorb all glucose at a level that is normal.
  11. Potassium blood test: an electrolyte when high refers to Kidney disease.
  12. Sodium blood level: useful to know if the kidneys are properly removing sodium from the body or not.
  13. Total bilirubin blood test:high level means obstruction in liver and appear as yellowish skin and eyes which is called jaundice.
  14. Total protein:measures the amount of protein in your blood. The two main proteins found in the blood are globulins and albumin.

4 Calculated Tests in CMP test panel:

  1. Albumin/Globulin Ratio (calculated): The A/G ratio
  2. BUN/Creatinine Ratio (calculated): high level means a decrease in the flow of blood to the kidneys.
  3. Globulin (calculated) blood test: Low globulin levels can be a sign of liver damage or other conditions.
  4. Estimated GFR blood test: A GFR below 60 is a sign that the kidneys are not working properly. A GFR below 15 indicates kidney failure.

What type of tests included in B M P test Panel?
8 measurements most of them are electrolytes.

  1. Calcium blood test.
  2. Carbon dioxide test: measure of how well your kidneys and lungs are working.
  3. Chloride test measure related to how your body manages fluids.
  4. Creatinine levels can tell how well your kidneys are working.
  5. Glucose blood level: how much sugar is in you blood
  6. Potassium test
  7. Sodium blood levels measure if your blood cells have enough water to work well.
  8. Urea nitrogen, or BUN


Is fasting required for a CMPand BMP blood test?
Fasting is required for the blood glucose test that is included in the CMP and BMP
Fasting for a blood test is defined as no consumption of food or beverages other than water for 6- 10 hours before testing.

What Does hpyl-igm Mean on my blood test?

Thanks for asking, “hpyl” letters may be written as “h.pyl” which is a short form of the word “HelicoBacter Pylori”.
It was known as Campylobacter pylori, Helicobacter pylori is a kind of bacteria usually cause pain and ulcers in the stomach and intestines.
“igm” letters stands for “Immunoglobulin-M antibody”, a type of protein that the body uses to fight this bacteria.
When we combine the two words we have:
H.Pylori-IgM which is a blood test for detection of the type IgM anti-helicobacterium.
It is a gram-negative, microaerophilic bacterium attaches to the stomach wall and cause ulcers and contributes to other sever diseases in the gastrointestinal system.
Also Known As H. pylori antibody test, formerly Helicobacter pylori
Other tests related to the same bacteria:
Helicobacter pylori antigen in Stool antigen, breath tests Urea breath test CLO test, Rapid urease test (RUT) for H. pylori.
Diseases that H.Pylori bacteria cause:
This family of bacteria once infect the stomach bring other seriuos diseases such as:
Peptic ulcers, are sores that develop in the lining of our stomach as a result of infection.
Gastritis, inflammation of the lining of the stomach, you’re likely to have gastritis when you fell upper abdominal pain, nausea, vomiting, bloating, loss of appetite and heartburn.
The terrible fact is that the H. pylori are adapted to live in high acidic environment found in the stomach, pH is 2.
Clipart of helicobacter inside stoach
What to take to cure Helicobacter pylori?
A course of 3 different medicines must be used:
Two antibiotics to kill the bacteria itself and another medicine that causes the stomach to make low acid levels in order to heal ulcers fast.
What is the time needed for triple therapy to kill bacteria and completely heal?
Most people are cured after finishing one to two weeks of the treatment course.
Note that this interpretation is for ordinary people, if you need more scientific and clinical information and recommendation, please don’t hesitate to contact us. 

What Does A1c Stand For?

A1c stands for Hemoglobin A1c test and the letters A1c stands for the type of hemoglobin A that is associated with diabetes.
Here’s some details about;

The meaning of A1c in medical terms.

Because the short name A1c has many different meanings we only focus here on the meaning of A1c in the medicine books.

Other names for A1c?

In US sit is known as A1c and Hemoglobin A1c.
While outside US has many different synonyms such as glycated hemoglobin, glycohemoglobin, and glycosylated hemoglobin,
Other Acronyms for A1c include: HA1c, HbA1c, Hgb, Hgb%, and hgba1c

What is hemoglobin A1c test?

Is an analysis of blood for people with diabetes, which measures:

  1. The average glucose in the blood.
  2. and the extent of their response to the treatment prescribed to them by the physician during the previous three months.

What is the other types of Hemoglobin A?

It is about 8% of hemoglobin A is made up of small fractions which include hemoglobin A1c, A1b, A1a1, and A1a2.
While total Hemoglobin A is 90% of hemoglobin itself.
To know more about Hemoglobin itself visit this Hgb page.

Why Hemoglobin A1c only is associated with diabetes?

Because the hemoglobin A1c is the type of hemoglobin that attach glucose molecules as the red blood cells live and run inside our blood vessels.
The cumulative sugar is produced when glucose binds to hemoglobin molecules in the red blood cells,
which is responsible for the transport of oxygen in the blood.
It turns when glucose binds to the glycoside.
As blood glucose increases, Glucose carried on hemoglobin (Glycohemoglobin) will increase, and remain until the end of the life of red blood cells
Afterwards in 2009, an international expert committee recommended the hemoglobin A1C test be used as a diagnostic test for type 2 diabetes and prediabetes.

A1c Now device and strips

A1c test kits

Why A1c test only valid for preceding 2 or 3 months only?

As the red blood cells live for about 120 days it will reserve quantity of glycated hemoglobin for the same period.
Also the test is an average to the whole period because the fact that the RBC’s cycle is regenerated.

What does A1c Blood Test identify?

A1c blood test help identify many health risks include:
Diabetes and Prediabetes for adults and single variant kids.
Heart diseases.
Kidney inflammation that is due to increased blood sugar levels

What does A1c blood Test Tell about Diabetes?

Hgb% tells how much sugar is attached to the blood’s hemoglobin protein.
Results tells how well your prescription was effective to control the amount of sugar in the blood over the past two to three months.
To know what is a good a1c level for you please visit A1c Chart page.