What does it mean when The relative lymphocytes are HIGH while the absolute lymphocytes LOW?

What can it mean when the relative lymphocytes are HIGH, but the absolute lymphocytes LOW?

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3 Responses

  1. Al D says:

    Thank you so much for the detailed answer! I suspect having either viral hepatitis and/or lupus.

  2. The medical condition name for “Low absolute lymphocytes” is “Lymphocytopenia” or “Lymphopenia” even if the relative percentage is high, that’s because:
    The absolute count of white blood cells is influenced by the total leucocyte count (WBC count), thus the absolute count is more diagnostic and representative.
    So that, in this case we will not name it “Lymphocytosis” just because the relative percentage is high.

    What does high relative white blood cells mean?
    Relative lymphocytosis means a higher proportion (usually greater than 40%) of lymphocytes among the white blood cells (leucocytes), while the absolute lymphocyte count (ALC) is normal (less than 4000 per microliter).

    Relative lymphocytosis with low absolute lymphocyte count occurs when the total lymphocytes count is low and there is an infection affecting the differential count of other cells, mainly neutrophils

    According to the American Academy of Pediatric Dentistry, percentage should an adult lymphocytes be is 25 to 30 percent lymphocytes.

    Possible causes of low lympocytopenia:
    1. AIDS
    2. Viral hepatitis
    3. Tuberculosis
    4. Typhoid fever
    5. Autoimmune disorder lupus erythromatosus,
    6. Cortisol therapy.
    7. Hodgkin’s disease
    8. Aplastic anemia.
    9. Radiation
    10. chemotherapy (treatments for cancer).

    Treatment options:
    1. Antiretroviral combination therapy for HIV.
    2. Antibiotics for TB
    3. Antifungals
    4. Antiparasitic drugs to treat such infections
    5. Gamma globulin to help prevent infections that can occur due to B-cell lymphocytopenia.
    6. Blood cancer treatments from chemotherapy to bone marrow stem cell transplant.

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