What Do These Letters Stand For In Blood Tests

The meaning of abbreviations in blood test results and what do letters and medical terms stand for in a blood test report? List of all abbreviations and short-codes of medical labs.

The list of common blood tests and their abbreviations, use search function in your browser.

  • Chem 7: Also known as a blood chemistry, or a chemistry panel, this test looks at the levels of essential enzymes in the blood and also checks kidney function. 
  • CMP and BMP test: The CMP is an expanded version of the basic metabolic panel (BMP), which does not include liver tests. A CMP (or BMP) can be ordered as part of a routine physical examination, or may be used to monitor a patient with a chronic disease, such as diabetes mellitus or hypertension.
  • CBC stands for complete blood count, A commonly used abbreviation in medicine that stands for complete blood count, a set values of the cellular (formed elements) of blood. These measurements are generally determined by specially designed machines that analyze the different components of blood in less than a minute.
  • TSH, T3, T4, and T3RU tests: Thyroid function tests are a series of blood tests used to measure how well your thyroid gland is working. Available tests include the T3, T3RU, T4, and TSH. The thyroid is a small gland located in the lower-front part of your neck. … The thyroid produces two major hormones: triiodothyronine (T3) and thyroxine (T4).
  • Woman tests, FSH, LH, E2, PRL tests:The Total Estrogen test measures the total amounts of the estrogen in the blood. … The Follicle Stimulating Hormone (FSH) test measures levels of follicle stimulating hormone, a hormone released by the pituitary gland that helps control the menstrual cycle and the production of eggs in women
  • PRL test: A prolactin (PRL) test measures how much of a hormone called prolactin you have in your blood. The hormone is made in your pituitary gland, which is located just below your brain. When women are pregnant or have just given birth, their prolactin levels increase so they can make breast milk.
  • LH test: Luteinizing hormone (LH) is a hormone associated with reproduction and the stimulation of the release of an egg from the ovary (ovulation) in women and testosterone production in men. This test measures the amount of luteinizing hormone in the blood or urine., It also changes with pregnancy. If a doctor orders a test for LH related to fertility, a woman may need multiple tests to track the rising and falling hormone levels. LH levels can also be measured by analyzing a urine sample. If you’re a man, your doctor can order an LH test to establish a baseline LH level.
  • PT test, Prothrombin time (PT) is a blood test that measures how long it takes blood to clot. A prothrombin time test can be used to check for bleeding problems. PT is also used to check whether medicine to prevent blood clots is working. A PT test may also be called an INR test
  • PTT, it is for The partial thromboplastin time (PTT) or activated partial thromboplastin time (aPTT or APTT), it is a medical test that characterizes blood coagulation, also known as clotting.
  • INR. stands for the international normalized ratio (INR), it is calculated from a PT result and is used to monitor how well the blood-thinning medication (anticoagulant) warfarin (Coumadin®) is working to prevent blood.
  • Liver Enzymes, they’re Inflamed or injured liver cells leak higher than normal amounts of certain chemicals, including liver enzymes, into the bloodstream, which can result in elevated liver enzymes on blood tests.
  • The specific elevated liver enzymes most commonly found are: Alanine transaminase (ALT) Aspartate transaminase (AST)
  • ABG test; A medical test for measuring Arterial Blood Gas oxygen and carbon dioxide.
  • ABO Typing: ABO Typing is the medical term for determining the patient’s blood type
  • S.Cr., A Serum Creatinine blood test measures the level of creatinine in the blood. Creatinine is a waste product that forms when creatine, which is found in your muscle, breaks down. Creatinine levels in the blood can provide your doctor with information about how well your kidneys are working.
  • Bl.Urea or BUN, Blood Urea Nitrogen: the blood urea nitrogen ( BUN ) test reveals important information about how well your kidneys and liver are working. A BUN test measures the amount of urea nitrogen that’s in your blood. The urea travels from your liver to your kidneys through your bloodstream.
  • S.U.A. test: A uric acid blood test, also known as a serum uric acid measurement, determines how much uric acid is present in your blood. The test can help determine how well your body produces and removes uric acid. Uric acid is a chemical produced when your body breaks down foods that contain organic compounds called purines.
  • S.Na test, A sodium test checks how much sodium is in the blood. Sodium is both an electrolyte and mineral. It helps keep the water (the amount of fluid inside and outside the body’s cells) and electrolyte balance of the body.
  • S.K test, A potassium blood test is often included in a series of routine blood tests called an electrolyte panel. The test may also be used to monitor or diagnose conditions related to abnormal potassium levels. These conditions include kidney disease, high blood pressure, and heart disease.
  • S.P. Test, Phosphorus is a mineral the body needs to build strong bones and teeth. It is also important for nerve signaling and muscle contraction. This test is ordered to see how much phosphorus is in your blood. Kidney, liver, and certain bone diseases can cause abnormal phosphorus levels.
  • S.Mg test: A magnesium test is used to measure the amount of magnesium in your blood. … A magnesium test may be recommended as part of a series of tests if you have symptoms such as nausea, weakness or cardiac arrhythmia (irregular heartbeat). You may have abnormal levels of magnesium, calcium or potassium in your blood.
  • S.Aldo test, Aldosterone levels tell the kidneys when to hold sodium in the body instead of passing it in the urine.
  • ACR and GFR tests: Your kidney numbers include 2 tests: ACR (Albumin to Creatinine Ratio) and GFR (glomerular filtration rate). GFR is a measure of kidney function and is performed through a blood test. … Too much albumin in your urine is an early sign of kidney damage. Urine Test called ACR.
  • CK or CPK test: Creatine Kinase (also known as CK, or Creatine Phosphokinase [CPK]) is an important diagnostic blood test for myopathies. … When muscle tissue is damaged, the cells release their contents into the bloodstream, causing elevated CK levels in the blood.
  • ESR, CRP, PV tests; Inflammation and blood proteins. Erythrocyte sedimentation rate (ESR), C-reactive protein (CRP) and plasma viscosity (PV) blood tests are commonly used to detect increase in protein in the blood. In this way they are used as markers of inflammation.
  • H.Pylori, Tests and procedures used to determine whether you have a n H. pylori infection include: Blood test. Analysis of a blood sample may reveal evidence of an active or previous H. pylori infection in your body. However, breath and stool tests are better at detecting active H. pylori infections than is a blood test.

Common tumor markers include:

  • CEA, A carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA) test is a blood test used to help diagnose and manage certain types of cancers. The CEA test is used especially for cancers of the large intestine and rectum. You doctor can also use the test results to help determine if a cancer treatment is working.
  • CA15-3 is a tumor marker for breast cancer.
  • CA19-9 antigen has been shown to be elevated in the blood of some patients with gastrointestinal tumors.
  • CA-125 is a marker for monitoring disease progression in ovarian cancers.
  • PSA test, FPFA test: PSA is a protein produced by the prostate gland. Although most PSA is carried out of the body in semen, a very small amount escapes into the blood stream. A free PSA test only measures the amount of PSA that is floating freely in the bloodstream, without being bound to a different protein. Both tests are used to diagnose prostate issues. A person may have an increased risk of prostate cancer when they have higher levels of total PSA and lower levels of free PSA

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Dr.Megan Ralf

A Medical laboratory Scientist who devoted his life to medical and laboratory sciences, writes his everyday expertise dealing with various pathological conditions through laboratory diagnosis of different body fluids, also participating in many workshops for first aids, infection control, and urgent care. Also Dr Megan Ralf coaching many medical teams.

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