A1c stands for Hemoglobin A1c test and the letters A1c stands for the type of hemoglobin A that is associated with diabetes.
Here’s some details about;
Because the short name A1c has many different meanings we only focus here on the meaning of A1c in the medicine books.
In US sit is known as A1c and Hemoglobin A1c.
While outside US has many different synonyms such as glycated hemoglobin, glycohemoglobin, and glycosylated hemoglobin,
Other Acronyms for A1c include: HA1c, HbA1c, Hgb, Hgb%, and hgba1c
Is an analysis of blood for people with diabetes, which measures:
It is about 8% of hemoglobin A is made up of small fractions which include hemoglobin A1c, A1b, A1a1, and A1a2.
While total Hemoglobin A is 90% of hemoglobin itself.
To know more about Hemoglobin itself visit this Hgb page.
Because the hemoglobin A1c is the type of hemoglobin that attach glucose molecules as the red blood cells live and run inside our blood vessels.
The cumulative sugar is produced when glucose binds to hemoglobin molecules in the red blood cells,
which is responsible for the transport of oxygen in the blood.
It turns when glucose binds to the glycoside.
As blood glucose increases, Glucose carried on hemoglobin (Glycohemoglobin) will increase, and remain until the end of the life of red blood cells
Afterwards in 2009, an international expert committee recommended the hemoglobin A1C test be used as a diagnostic test for type 2 diabetes and prediabetes.
As the red blood cells live for about 120 days it will reserve quantity of glycated hemoglobin for the same period.
Also the test is an average to the whole period because the fact that the RBC’s cycle is regenerated.
A1c blood test help identify many health risks include:
Diabetes and Prediabetes for adults and single variant kids.
Kidney inflammation that is due to increased blood sugar levels
Hgb% tells how much sugar is attached to the blood’s hemoglobin protein.
Results tells how well your prescription was effective to control the amount of sugar in the blood over the past two to three months.
To know what is a good a1c level for you please visit A1c Chart page.